Crisis Planning: It Takes a Village

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Video Transcript

Welcome everyone and thank you for joining today’s Webinar hosted by Raptor Technologies. I’m Shannon Gonzalez, with Raptor, and there will be facilitating today’s presentation and discussion.

This webinar of the Raptor School Safety Series is entitled Crisis Planning: It takes a Village.

In this Webinar, Dr. Cynthia Ryals will share key ways to anticipate potential barriers to crisis intervention and discuss viewpoints from various disciplines in school, crisis response and key steps to building a collaborative response school safety plan. Following Dr. Ryals presentation, we will hear briefly from Clayton Dorset, Regional Director, who will provide us with a quick overview of the Raptor solutions available to support your school safety initiative, and then we’ll move into the live Q&A. So, as you have questions, please feel free to enter them into the question box at any time.

Also, you will receive a copy of the recording of this webinar in your email following the presentation just in case you’d like to refer back to it.

I’m thrilled now to introduce our guest speaker. Dr. Cynthia Ryals is the Principal at Saint Alphonsus Catholic School and serves on the Diocese of Baton Rouge School Safety Committee. Dr. Ryals earned her Doctorate in 2014 from Southeastern Louisiana University, where her dissertation study entitled School Leader’s Perception of Conducting Active Shooter Drills, lead to her participation in numerous active shooter drills with law enforcement and first responders. Dr. Ryals has also provided direct assistance and consulting to district administrators throughout the nation for updating and reviewing their school safety plans and provided guidance on how to implement and conduct school campus safety site assessment. Dr. Ryals, thank you so much for joining us today.

Thank you Shannon. I appreciate the opportunity to share my experiences and sometimes adventures in crisis and school safety planning. It’s a heavy topic and sometimes it can be overwhelming and so I’m hoping to share and impart some of the things I’ve learned over the years. It’s usually a much longer presentation and so I’m going to condense it down and hopefully if there are any questions we can answer those at the end.

There’s a couple of objectives to have today’s Webinar. The first one is to understand the various perspectives that are put together when it comes to price as planning. There are so many entities that come together with expertise and their perspective on what can keep a school campus and our children the safest. And so, I’ve been fortunate to work with so many of those entities and I hope I can share that information. And the second is to be able to identify potential barriers when it comes to your crisis and school safety planning. And when I say barriers, I don’t mean that in a negative way. I mean that there have been things that have happened that have caused a school safety plan to be not implemented in the manner they were planned to be implemented. And so we’ve learned lessons from those. And so I’m hoping to share that information as well.

Share a little bit of my background, this is my 30th year in education for 20 years. I was in the classroom, then served for the last 10 years as an administrator at Saint Alphonsus School. And through my dissertation work, we formed a committee of principals and administrators to, and our superintendent as well to form a district safe schools committee where we consult with our schools for our crisis and school safety planning.

My Doctorate led me to this passion I have on the topic of crisis and school safety planning because I had no idea how much went into school safety planning until I became an administrator. I focused mainly on active shooter drills, but when I’m speaking today I’m going to talk broadly about the crisis and school safety plan overall. I’m going to touch a little bit on my study because it was very interesting and I learned so much, but I find that it’s very overwhelming when you just focus on the active shooter portion of your school safety plan.

And, I did include my contact information and that if you do have any further questions out that you’ll contact me to get that.

So, I say the village, when I talk about crisis and school safety planning, because I’m going to put up in a few seconds, a list of entities that you need to consider when you are looking at your school safety plan. If you’re new to crisis and school safety planning and you’re going to revise a school safety plan or even start a whole new school safety plan, you can get tunnel vision. And what I mean by that is you can get your team together and you look at everything that’s out there and you put together a school safety plan, but you often do not include everyone that needs to be included in that school safety plan as far as thinking through everybody’s needs.

And so I’ve put together this list that I have found helpful through my experiences in crisis and school safety planning and, and working with schools because we often forget to think about everybody. So, the list starts, and there’s no specific order that I think of it in, but in terms of, but they are all crucial. And this is by no means an all inclusive list for the village. But, it certainly is some of the important ones that I’ve worked with. And it starts off with school safety directors and superintendents. We often forget about our maintenance and grounds managers, and of course your school leaders and principals, administrators, teachers, staff, custodians. Don’t forget about your substitutes and volunteers that come on your campus. Parents, students.

Most importantly, I find a lot of principals do not think about or sometimes they’re reluctant to include law enforcement and school resource officers in their school safety plan team. And I’ll talk a little bit about that later on in my presentation. Of course, first responders and EMS. I’m going to talk a little bit more about the general public. You wouldn’t think that they have a lot to do with your crisis and school safety planning and including them, but they do. And the media has a huge influence on it and guidance counselors through it all. But especially in the aftermath.So, from here on out in my presentation, I’m going to refer to this group as the village, but when you, so I want you to include all of them in your thought process when we’re talking about them.

I heard this [inaudible 00:07:05] one time and it hit me very profoundly when someone said, “When we drop our kids off at school, we are making the assumption that they are as safe as possible and that you have a school safety plan in place.” And we don’t question that. And I thought, “Wow, that is so profound.” Because it’s true. As an administrator, I give tours on my campus all the time, and it is extremely rare for a parent to ask me about my crisis or school safety plan. They ask me about curriculum. They may ask me about teachers. When is recess, lunch? But they rarely ask me what kind of school safety plan do you have in place? It’s an unspoken understanding that I’m going to do everything in my power to keep everyone that enters my doors as safe as possible. And when you think about that can be very, very daunting.

So, I always instruct principals to start from the beginning. Make sure that your school safety plan has definition
of the words crisis and school safety. And I’m going to give you three reasons I feel that, that’s very important, and I’ve learned these three things from helping the schools with their school safety plans. There are some definitions out there as well and I’ve given you a couple of links at the end of the presentation that can help you with the definition.

It’s crucial that the beginning of your school safety plan, you have a definition because everyone that comes to the table to practice your school safety plan has an opinion of what a critical phase of something is. We all react differently in an emergency and it’s important that we’re all on the same page of what we consider a crisis, because we all in the background that my second reason is important because not everyone has experienced a true crisis. And so to define it for them makes a lot of sense. It’s very great, and many of your teachers or people who enter your campus have never experienced a true school safety crisis. I would hope that would be true of everyone. But unfortunately it’s not. We don’t know how everyone is going to react. And so having that definition and training with that definition helps them. And then of course there’s the incident versus crisis. Is someone going to overreact when it’s just a minor incident or are they going to underreact if it’s a crisis? So, again, having that definition helps alleviate, and it won’t alleviate everything, but it will help you when you are determining whether there’s a crisis situation.

I say this to all of my principals and superintendents when I train that we can never say, “If it happens at my school.” There will be an unpredictable event at your school that will be considered a crisis event. You may go years without something major happening, but at some point you’re going to have a crisis event and if you don’t consider yourself very, very fortunate.

So, some of these events could be weather related, could be a natural disaster, earthquakes, tornadoes, that type of thing. It could be an intruder on your campus, it could be a custody battle that comes to your doors. Students are fighting, an angry parent that’s angry with the grade that their child received and there’s coming to school to resolve that in a way that’s not appropriate. There could be a death on your campus. Unfortunately, I have helped some schools. There was a suicide of the student on campus at one point I was helping with, there has also been in my time, when I was teaching a teacher who passed away on campus and unfortunately in front of students. So, there could be that type of situation. If you’re near a chemical plant or a busy highway, there could be a chemical spill and then countless others situations that can come up.

So, it’s important that you customize your school safety plan, not just focusing on active shooter, and I am by no means saying that active shooter is not important. I trained for that at my school and every school needs to train for that. But it’s also important when you’re doing your complete crisis and/or school safety plan to think of anything and everything that could possibly be customized your score area. And I say it’s always important to use that village, that list of people when you’re customizing your school safety plan. Ask the questions. What other things have happened here? I was new to my area on the small suburb outside of Baton Rouge, we’re used to weather coming through and flooding our streets, that type of thing.

But, we did experience a crisis with flooding that I will explain later on in the PowerPoint, but it was a devastating crisis for us. Ask what’s the response time? Call up your local law enforcement agencies, your substations and ask them what’s the usual response time? That’s important to know when you’re planning. Are you in a rural area and urban area? Rural areas, anything from a wild animal could happen. Urban areas, a bank robbery across the street and the suspect runs on your campus. Chemical plants, rare, but those industrial areas all pose dangers to us health wise or with leaks, that type of thing. What kind of past events have happened at your school?

Training and first aid and CPR. It’s important, especially if you know there’s a child on your campus who has a medical issue. If you don’t have a nurse, which not all of our schools are privileged to have a nurse, what kind of medical help do you have available to you? And it’s important than everybody on campus knows that. And then of course, what type of safety breaches has your school experienced? Have people who jump the fences, have people gone in areas that were not blocked, what type of safety breaches have happened?

So, keeping all of that in mind, I always emphasize one of the things that we don’t often think about and that is campus census. Most people would think, well, that is so that we can make sure everybody’s identified as a visitor or an employee or who actually belongs in our campus. But that’s not the only reason. There’s accountability. In a critical situation, an actual crisis, the first thing you as an administrator or your crisis team, depending on who is with law enforcement when they arrive, the first thing they’re going to ask you is, “Who is on this campus? Who do we need to account for? Who is missing? Where are the students?”

Those are the questions are going to ask you. And so you need to make sure that your visitors have checked in or you have a list and you know what parents have are on your campus, what students are there today, what teachers are there. That could be the visible identification. That is always helpful when a teacher, especially if you have a large, large campus and you’re walking around get visitors, you don’t always recognize that you have visible identification. And then the third thing would be some type of log system that would indicate when someone checks into your school, is there a custody issue here? Should this parent be here to check out this child? What’s a note on guardianship? Has this person had a background check? Any type of alert you may need to put on a visitor that could be logged in to that system. So, I always stress that when I’m training, that you have some type of census on your campus.

I’m going to talk A couple of minutes about my study. Like I said, it focused specifically on active shooter drills and that was because in my 20 years as a teacher, I had never experienced or performed an active shooter drill with my students, or had I ever done that when I was in school. And so as an administrator I was asked to do one and it was extremely nerve wracking. I was very nervous about it. And so I began planning, realized that my school safety plan was not where it needed to be, worked with some local law enforcement who helped [inaudible 00:16:27] it peaked my interest in school safety.

I decided that, that was going to be my dissertation topic. And in doing my research, I was very fortunate to meet up with some wonderful people in law enforcement who were involved in SWAT who are very gracious and allowed me to join them on some active shooter trainings. And with that, I had the opportunity to see both sides of the story. What does law enforcement and first responder agencies, what do they experience when they are arriving on scene? And then I was also able to see the teacher aspect, student aspect.

It’s such a different reaction in so many different situations. And so I was able to put all of that knowledge together. And I will say, that a year and a half into my dissertation work, Sandy Hook happened. So, I had already completed my study and I’m going to show you on the next slide, these were some of the findings that I received back that I think the unfortunate incident at Sandy Hook changed.

And the first one that came back in my survey was that most school leaders, and this is both public and private surveys and interviews, school leaders did not involve law enforcement or first responders when they were writing or revealing their school safety plan. The second was that lockdowns were not performed often or ever. I think Sandy Hook change that a good bit. And I believe that those opinions have changed and it is very, very different now that they are, I guess training more in this area. And the third thing that I learned, and I still feel like this is very prominent, is that principals and school leaders feel that planning for a crisis by practicing causes too much anxiety to the students and the staff. Why they were reluctant to train.

And what I explained to them is that anxiety is natural and something we are all going to experience when we’re training. And there are so many ways to alleviate that. Are you going to get rid of it completely? Absolutely not. But it’s normal and it has to be there and we have to do this. So, I teach ways to help alleviate some of that stress and anxiety that it causes. It doesn’t completely alleviate all of it, but it does help. So, my dissertation study is what really got me moving forward in the field of crisis planning.

I want to focus a little bit on the crisis my school experienced. And even though thankfully it was not an active shooting and it was not a fire, or any things we plan for, this, this was very devastating. And the fact that it destroyed our school in so many different ways in that we could not return to school. The day we left to, for lack of a better term, evacuate, we knew the weather was coming. When our students left that day, we just prepared that we would not be able to return the school the next day because of the streets would be flooded, so minor flooding that would prevent us to safely get to our campus. We did not realize that it would mean two feet to 12 inches in some areas of water in all of our school buildings, we did not realize that 65% of our school population, our students, our faculty would lose their homes and their cars and their pets and so on. We had no idea the impact we were going to face.

And so with that being said, for days and days of cleanup, it took me a couple of days to be able to get to the school before the water receded. So, the water had sat in our classrooms for a while. We had very little help at first because of the interstates being shut down. We couldn’t get the cleanup crews in and our families were flooded. So, they were busy working on their own homes and they couldn’t help us.

And so with bare minimum help, we began gutting the school and pulling out as much as we could and as an administrator, and I can only imagine in an active shooting situation or a fire or any other major crisis, what an administrator would have to go through because the decisions I had to make in a short amount of time were overwhelming. As the volunteers began to trickle in, you have to start worrying about their safety and using gloves and mask and what are we going to keep and how is insurance going to work with us on this and how long would we have to recover before we get our students back in the classrooms? So, those were all questions we had to deal with.

And I will say that today we are back. We were back in 11 days, in temporary buildings. But we were so fortunate to have so much help and work done on the school that we were back in, in 11 days and we have pretty much fully recovered. And so, with that being said, in that list of the village, I told you about the general public, and this was something I had not anticipated was the general public’s response. And I imagine that in any type of school crisis that happens across our nation, that the response is similar. And I had no idea how generous and wonderful people we’re going to be.

But with that being said, it became our responsibility to make sure that the food and the supplies and the money and the donations were distributed to those they were intended for. And so while you’re in the middle of cleanup and working on getting students back in school, you’re having all of this, I mean, we had everything from 18-wheelers to church groups pulling up to help us. And it was wonderful, but it also took a lot of effort to coordinate those types of things. So, we also referred to grief counseling that is something that was very important to us in the very end, and we were very fortunate to have other people volunteering grief counselors for us. So, that’s something you need to consider as well, finding the place for us to have the grief counselors come in.

With that being said and our adventures in all of this, there were a couple of things I learned that I had wished were in the fine print of my school safety plan when we were going through all of this. And unfortunately, sometimes we have to go through a crisis before we, I guess learn lessons that we want to share with others. And so if I took anything away from my crisis, it would be the following lessons. And so I hope I can impart that to you.

The first one is inventory all of the assets you have in your school, pictures, receipts in safe places. Make sure you have that all because if there was a fire or you experience a weather related incident like we did or even for Sandy Hook when they leveled the building, I know that they had to think of all of the assets that they had there. So, with that being said, inventory it all.

The next is think about how you store your important files. Do you have what their proof cabinets for your important documents, do you have flood proof containers that you’re keeping your important documents in?

The other thing that was very helpful to me was to have communication and sample verbiage available to me. I was able to send out text messages and emails to parents. And when you’re under stress it’s very hard to think about, very difficult to think about what worrying to use. You want to be very careful because you don’t want to cause panic, you don’t want to give out any misinformation. And so sometimes having something with we fill in the blanks is very, very helpful. So, I do have some of those available if you’d like some copies of those, but just having that sample message to parents that you can kind of take the verbiage from is very helpful.

And then of course, like I said, cannot stress enough the grief counseling. And it’s for extended periods of time and not only will you need the grief counselors, you’ll also need that space available to send those people to the grief counselors.

I hope today that you, we’ll have these five key takeaways that you can embrace and use in your training when you go back to your school safety plans. And the first one is always consider the perspectives and expertise of all of your resources. I think sometimes we feel like our toes are being stepped on, sometimes we feel like someone’s opinion may be too strong, but you need to take into consideration that their expertise level or what they have experienced needs to come to the table in your school safety plan. It’s important to customize it. I preach this to all of my trainings, practice, tabletop, do actual drills, and go back and review your school safety plan. What do you need to change? Practice again, do it differently. Don’t do it the same way every single time. Don’t do your fire drills the same way every time, don’t do your active shooter drills the same way average every time.

It’s a constant cycle. It’s not a one-size-fits-all put it on the shelf and we’re done. Make sure you have that campus sense. Some type of check in system to where when there’s an emergency you can go to law enforcement and say, “I am missing this person” or “We have accounted for everybody that was in the building.”

And lastly, inventory everything. Have a file in your computers that are indestructible and make sure that you can access it and have pictures with receipts scanned in there for yourself.

I have two resources that are my two go-to resources. The first There is an excellent resource on there for schools and school safety planning. A second one is the Department of Homeland Security. They also have an excellent resource guide for school safety and security that you can utilize. There are several books out there. I didn’t put those on the resource list because a few of them are outdated and I’m hoping that there will be some newer ones out there. I also utilize Campus Safety Magazine often when I am looking for articles on that type of thing.

So, I hope that if have any questions you will send those over to Shannon and at this time I’m going to turn it over to Clayton Dorsett with Raptor Technologies and then I will hang out for a few seconds and wait for the question and answer session.

Thank you Dr. Ryals, for sharing that information. As you know, all those steps are very important to securing your campuses.

Welcome everybody. My name is Clayton Dorsett. I’m here with Raptor Technologies. I’m the Regional Director and I’m going to give you guys a high level overview of a couple of our safety products that a lot of school districts are utilizing today. Before I get started, I do want to remind you guys, we will have a Q&A at the end of this. So, if you guys do have any questions, feel free to put them in the chat, whether they’re for Dr. Ryals or myself, we’ll be happy to answer those at the end. Okay?

So, with that said, for those of you who don’t know Raptor, we are the nation’s leading provider of integrated school safety technologies. We serve over 23,000 schools across the country. Everything from the top 10 largest districts in America down to the single school district, and absolutely everything in between.

So, here at Raptor we have three main products suites. We have a Visitor Management, Volunteer Management, and an Emergency Management. So, for Visitor Management, what we do is we basically turn your pen and paper and pencil sign-in sheets that you use to manage everyone coming in and out of your schools into an electronic Visitor Management system. And it does a lot of things for you, including running two instant checks against your visitors, contractors, your volunteers. And the first is an instant sex offender check. So, today, we flag about 40 registered sex offenders every single day attempting to enter our clients schools. And the second instant check that we do is against a custom database where the district or the school can input anyone they want to be flagged. Most schools put in custody issues to help them keep track of who can pick up who, and we issue about a hundred of those custom alerts every single day. So, that’s our main Visitor Management product.

We also have a Volunteer Management product that allows you to do those instance screens on your volunteers coming in and out. But it actually covers the whole life cycle of the volunteers as well. So, everything from the online volunteer application through the full criminal background screening on the volunteer, through signing in the visitors into the school, tracking their hours, running reports on specific volunteers, total hours, events, top volunteers, you can really run any report that you guys feel necessary. So, that’s the full life cycle of the Volunteer Management.

And the third solution that we offer here is our Raptor Emergency Management. So, our Raptor Emergency Management solution, it combines the best practices and protocols and brings in 21st century technology to help you better prepare for, respond to, and recover from an emergency. And it has three main components: drill management, active incident management, and parent-student reunification.

So, most districts across the country today are managing their drills with spreadsheets, faxes, emails, et cetera. So, what Raptor Drill Manager does for you is it makes it all electronic. So, a district first, will create and publish the drill requirements to all the schools within the districts. Once that drill schedule is sent out, reminders for upcoming drills are sent to the school as well as the alerts and summaries at the district level.

For example, at the beginning of every month, each individual school will receive lists of the drill that they need to run for that month. When there are five days left before given drill needs to be run, if they haven’t run it, they’ll get another email saying that they have to run this real within the next five days. At the district level, personnel will automatically get these emails when they’re specific schools who only have five days left to run their drills, the district automatically gets that email summary at the end of each month with which schools did run their drills and which didn’t.

When the schools run their drills using this, including the mobile application, the record of the drill being completed is automatically updated within the district dashboard. If there are documents that need to be uploaded, that can also be done here. So, the drill manager essentially turns paper and pencil process into the electronic process that saves you tremendous amount of time and gives you a much better handle on drill compliance and the ability to report on these on the drill compliance.

That’s the first element of Raptors Emergency Management suite.

The second element of Raptor Emergency Management is our Active Incident Management. Emergencies are run the same way drills are. When an incident is initiated, alerts are sent out to everyone in the building, district personnel, local law enforcement. It’s really anyone you guys designate.

Staff can then pull down student rosters, which are pulled directly from your SIS through the app, and then they can begin to account for themself and their students, which now this provides real-time visibility into the status and location of every student and staff member within the mint within minutes during the emergency. Building maps and emergency plans can also be viewed right there within the app.

And the final element of Raptor Emergency Management is the parent-student reunification. Because reunification has done with the assistance of mobile technology, unification times are now four times faster than the paper and pencil method that are validated. And these are both validated by two separate district trials. One was in Michigan and one was in Connecticut comparing the paper and pencil reunification process.

And because everything is done electronically, you’ll have a report of what transpired with each student from the moment an incident was initiated through to the reunification. And all guardians will also receive a text when their student has been reunified. So, there won’t be any confusion if one guardian comes to pick up a student when another guardian has already done so. And if you’re using the standard reunification method from the I Love You Guys Foundation, this app can be configured for a hundred percent alignment.

So, with that said, we will begin the Q&A session for Dr. Ryals and myself.

Thank you so much Clayton. As he mentioned, we’ll now move into the Q&A. We do have several questions from the audience. If we don’t get to your question today during today’s session, we’ll certainly follow up with you after the Webinar.

The first question is for Clayton in is coming from, Mr. Smith. Clayton does Raptor integrate with SIS systems?

Yeah, absolutely. So, we’ll build able connect through Clever to pull the rosters in real-time once that emergency is initiated.

Great. Thank you so much.

Next question here is for Dr. Ryals. Dr. Ryals, this is coming from Mary. How much information is appropriate to share with students during a lockdown or crisis situation?

Well, and there’s no right or wrong answer to that, but I will say that it depends on the age. And over my years of training, I get differing opinions on this, but I truly believe that the younger students need to know bare minimum. It can be anything from a game of hide and seek. I do have crisis bags that my teachers would bring with them when they’re in lockdown, where they could read to the students, do what they can to keep them quiet. But the older students, they know what’s going on and I think some plain talk with them is fine, but the younger students, the bare minimum would be appropriate for them.

Thank you so much Dr. Ryals. Next question is for Clayton. Clayton, this comes from Raquel. Will, I have access to my emergency plans and facility maps within the Raptor Emergency Management system?

Yeah, that’s a great question. Absolutely. You can upload those ahead of time so they’re easily accessible on the app.

Great. Thank you so much, Clayton.

Next question here for a Dr. Ryals. When you talk about practice and review, do you usually include students every time or do you typically only work with your faculty and staff? That question is coming from Steven

In the very beginning. I call it the baby steps. I think it’s a very important to have your faculty trained before you do anything with your students. We tabletop, I give scenarios, we work in groups at our faculty meetings and in our teacher in-services where I will give them different scenarios and I’ll ask them to discuss what would you do, what would you do? And they want to right or wrong answer. And there’s not always that answer I can give to them because every situation is going to be different. But at least they’ve thought through some different scenarios. Sometimes they’ll even ask me, “What if we’re at recess?” or that kind of thing and we can walk out to the field and look around and see what we have.

Sometimes their eyes are not always open until we start thinking about that. Then we start to integrate the students in our drills and we start baby steps where it’s fully announced and everybody [inaudible 00:40:46] going to happen and we look at what works and what didn’t work. And then we go into the, I guess for lack of a better term, surprise drills, where the students and the teachers aren’t aware of when it’s actually going to happen.

Okay. Thank you so much Dr. Ryals.

Next question for Clayton from Matthew. Our district currently uses Raptor Visitor Management system. If we also implemented Raptor Emergency Management, would we know who was in the building at the time of the incident?

Yeah, absolutely. So, with you guys being a Visitor Management customer, that information of signing in the visitors will get fed through the Emergency Management so you can keep a count of them as well.

Great. Thank you, Clayton.

Dr. Ryals, last question here for you. You mentioned having access to sample verbiage in case of a crisis. Is there a place where the participants can go to access some of that sample language?

Well, in the resources that I put up on the Webinar, they do have a few up there and then you can also Google them. They’re out there. That’s how I got mine. And I’m also willing to share some of the ones that I have in my school safety plan. If they want to shoot me an email, I can send those over to them.

Great. Thank you so much Dr. Ryals.

And last question here for Clayton. Clayton, what is the cost of the Raptor Emergency Management system?

So, to get started with the Emergency Management. If you are Raptor Visitor Management customer, you actually get a nice little price break. It’s 760 per site. And then if you are not currently a Visitor Management customer, it is $1,000.

Great. Thank you so much Clayton. Thank you again Dr. Ryals for joining us on today’s Webinar.

Contact Information for both Raptor Technologies and Dr. Ryals will be on your screens here shortly.

We do have several upcoming webinars in the Raptor School Safety Webinars Series, including the next one, which is called Explore and Prevent Five Key School Safety Vulnerabilities, with Mr. Garrett Rain. Mr. Garrett Rain is retired Captain from the Pennsylvania State Police Department, and a security consultant for Rain Public Planning. Mr Rain, will discuss how to pinpoint and explore practical mitigations for the most common school safety plan vulnerabilities.

To see this and other upcoming webinars and to register, please visit

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This does conclude our broadcast today. Thank you all so much for joining us and we hope to see you on the next webinar. Have a great day.

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